The ICMR in its guidelines has found that for the upper respiratory tract infections which are a viral infection, antibiotics are not required. (Representational Images)
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Hyderabad: Overuse of antibiotics by specialized professionals like dentists, skin specialists and ENT specialists have been reviewed by the Indian Council of Medical Research, which said that this overuse was too high in these specializations and the cost reduction.
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The ICMR has been checking the growing antimicrobial resistance in the country by collecting cultures to identify offending micro-organisms, use of early diagnostic kits and it has also been checked whether quantifying therapy is used in medicine. This is being done from data collected from corporate hospitals, diagnostic laboratories where a peer-review of the processes at hospitals are evaluated.
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In this, they have found that there is high antibiotic use in dental practice for conditions like caries, gingivitis, pulpitis and chronic inflammation. The ICMR review has observed that there are different and varied ranges of antibiotics, which are prescribed by dentists and prevent infections.
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Similarly, ENT doctors are found to prescribe antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections, rhino pharyngitis, tonsillitis and otitis media. The ICMR in its guidelines has found that for the upper respiratory tract infections which are a viral infection, antibiotics are not required. Yet, 75 percent of antibiotics are prescribed for this condition every year. Despite the fact that there is little or no benefit of antibiotic use in this condition.
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The prescription of potent steroid-based antibacterial, antifungal topical combinations in rapid feel-good effect for skin infections, especially on the face, has been misused.
It has been found that these prescriptions were used beyond the time limit and the microbial resistance has been noted in these products too.
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The prescription of the three categories is found to be misused with over-the-counter sales and self-medication in cases of recurrence of the medical condition.
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The ICMR states that these three specialist categories are now being monitored as closely as the pharmacists have been dispensing before these medicines.